© WB5CXC 2011
Antenna Wire Launcher
This project is to build an Antenna Wire Launcher (Spud Gun).  It is constructed from PVC pipe and has a manual release.  The device will send a puck over 100' trees without much work.  The air chamber is made from a 1/14" schedule 40 PVC pipe 33" long. It is then routed to the manual valve, and the valve is connected to barrel.  Insert a puck into the barrel, when the valve is open the puck will exit the barrel.  The puck is made from a short piece of ¾" PVC pipe with ¾" end caps.  The ¾" caps provide a good fit for the 1 ¼" schedule 40 PVC pipe. 
Danger:  Always point the barrel towards the sky and ensure nothing is in the path of the puck.  This can be a very dangerous piece of equipment and bodily injury can occur if not properly used. 
I had built an Antenna Wire Launcher from an article from QST.   I loaned it to a club member and he wanted to make one and decided it would be a good club project.  I redesigned it to make it easier to build as a club project.  The 5 club members built the antenna wire launchers.  I decided to make it manual as it is safer and it kept the cost down. 
Parts before assembly
Material List
Gluing PVC Pipe - always clean the ends with PVC cleaner.  I like to use the clear if you can find it.  (A lot of places will not have clear cleaner due to the plumbing code, but the clear makes the project more presentable.)  After the cleaner has dried for a few minutes, coat one end of a piece with the PVC glue.  Insert it into the other pipe and twist the pipe until a resistance is felt.  This will take a minute or so, be sure to correctly align the fittings before the glue get set.  
Starting the assembly process
Start the assembly by installing the tire stem in the 1 ¼" end cap.  The tire stem should be one of the metal stems purchased from an tire repair shop or auto parts store.  The 1 ¼" cap is thick and the standard rubber valve stems will not work correctly.  Cut a 1 ¼" pipe 33" long, this will be the air chamber.  Attach the cap with valve stem to one end of the pipe.  On the other end of the air chamber glue the 1 ¼" elbow.  Cut a short piece of 1 ¼" pipe (~ 1 ¼" long) and use this piece of pipe to glue the elbows and street elbow together.  Be sure to place on a flat surface to align the elbows before the glue sets up.  Now glue the street elbow to the ball valve (be very careful not to get any cleaner or glue on the Ball, or the value will not work).  Glue the 1 ¼" to 1" reducer into the coupling.  Then glue a short piece of 1" PVC pipe into the reducer and then into the ball valve.  Measure and cut a 1 ¼" PVC pipe and glue it into the coupling.  The gun part of the project is now finished.  Cut 5 pieces of ¾" PVC pipe3 1/2” long.  Inspect the ¾" caps to ensure they do not have a ridge on the outside, if they do sand the ridge down until it is smooth.  Screw a hook into 5 of the caps.  Glue a cap to the ¾" pipe and then glue on of the caps with a hook on the other end.  Repeat for all 5 pucks.  You will need to make all 5, as some of pucks YOU WILL LOSE
Operating the Antenna Launcher  --  You will need a spool of mono-filament fishing line to connect to the puck.  Connect a hand pump to the Antenna Launcher and pump up to ~ 40 lbs (we use a hand pump that has a gauge on it).  Insert the puck into the launcher with the hook first.  Point the launcher at the tree and open the valve quickly.  The puck should go through the tree and end towards the ground.  Remove the mono- filament line from the puck and connect the line to larger rope.  Pull the mono-filament line back through the tree until the rope is reached.  Disconnect the mono-filament line and connect the antenna wire and raise to proper height.  If the puck doesn’t go high enough, increase the pressure by 10 lbs. and try again.  Do not use more than 100 lbs. 
Assembled Launcher with pucks
Testing the Launcher at the club meeting